For thousands of years, the great Pyramids of Giza stood as a testament to one of the greatest civilisations on earth. Weighing some 2,300,000 tonnes, and originally 481.3949 feet (now 450 feet) tall, the Great pyramid was built to house the eternal tomb for a divine king. This extraordinary monument stands at a point on earth's surface exactly 1/3 of the way between the equator and North Pole (i.e. 30 degrees latitude) and its 'north-south' axis is aligned to within 3/60 of a single degree to the true south. Because of its perfect geometry, we are deeply fascinated by the significance of its construction. Over the years, Egyptologists have tried to uncover the secrets about Giza monuments but up till today, mystery continues to surround them. Different researchers have given different versions of the true significance of the monuments. While some believed the Egyptian pyramids were built to precise alignment to stars, others have their reservation towards that conclusion. Could it be mere coincidence that the pyramids did match with particular stars? Such notions are hotly disputed, hence we are forced to remain open-minded at present. Why did ancient Egyptians build the pyramids? How did they build the pyramids? When did they build the pyramids? These are the questions that we attempt to answer.
Pyramids today stand as a reminder of the ancient Egyptian glorification of life after death, and in fact, the pyramids was built as monuments to house the tombs of the pharaohs. Death was seen as merely the beginning of a journey to the other world. In this society, each individual's eternal life was dependent on the continued existence of their king, a belief that made the pharaoh's tomb the concern of the entire kingdom. Believed to be aligned with the circumpolar stars, the king's spirit is then able to commute between heaven and earth in life after death.
The Sphinx, which embodies the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, is believed to be the head of Khafre and his guardian spirit for his entire burial complex. Carved from the natural limestone of Giza, the sphinx has disintegrated over the years, entire pieces dropping off to the desert floor below.